Foch, Ferdinand

Foch, Ferdinand
   Marshal of France and commander of Entente forces in 1918, Ferdinand Foch joined the French army in 1871. With the onset of World War I, Foch commanded the Ninth Army. During the Battle of the Marne he launched the counterattack. He subsequently led the Northern Army since October 1914 until the Battle of the Somme in the summer of 1916 for which he was sacrificed as a scapegoat. In 1917, Foch was recalled as chief of the general staff. He was given overall command of the Entente forces in March 1918. Foch managed to stop the German advance during spring 1918, mounting the counterattack that turned the tide of the war. Foch accepted the German surrender in November 1918 and played a major advisory role at the Paris Peace Conference.
    Neiberg, Michael S. Foch: Supreme Allied Commander in the Great War. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, 2003.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Foch — (Ferdinand) (1851 1929) maréchal de France (août 1918). Adjoint du général en chef Joffre (oct. 1914), chef d état major en 1917, commandant suprême des armées alliées en mars 1918. Acad. fr. (1918) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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