Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of

Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of
   The first post-Vienna meeting of the Congress System that governed post-Napoleonic Europe. In 1818, the four Great Powers - Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia - met in the first of several meetings to uphold the Congress system, a means of discussing diplomatic problems at periodically held international conferences. The Congress enlarged the Quadruple Alliance to include France and ended the occupation of French territory two years earlier than originally agreed. The Congress discussed the question of French reparations owed by the terms of the second Treaty of Paris, the issue of Napoleon’s security on St. Helena, and reiterated the civil rights of German Jews as agreed at the Congress of Vienna three years before. Britain was the first nation to diverge from the united policies of the other powers by rejecting a call by Tsar Alexander II for an alliance pledged to guarantee the existing forms of government of the individual European states.
    Kissinger, Henry. A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh, and the Problem of Peace 1812-1822 . London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2000;
    Lowe, John. The Concert of Europe: International Relations, 1814-70 . London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1991.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of — (Oct. 1–Nov. 15, 1818) First of four congresses held by Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, and France to address European problems following the Napoleonic Wars. At Aix la Chapelle (now Aachen, Ger.), the participants accepted an offer by France… …   Universalium

  • Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of —    The Congress of Aix la Chapelle, meeting between september 29 and November 21, 1818, brought together the powers of the Quadruple Alliance, who, at the request of the French Restoration government, decided to end the occupation of France by… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle — Three congresses have been held at Aix la Chapelle: Congress of Aix la Chapelle (1668) Congress of Aix la Chapelle (1748) Congress of Aix la Chapelle (1818) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818) — Congress memorial in Aachen The Congress or Conference of Aix la Chapelle (Aachen), held in the autumn of 1818, was primarily a meeting of the four allied powers Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia to decide the question of the withdrawal of the …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668) — The Congress of Aix la Chapelle (1668) was the first of three treaties signed at Aachen (in French Aix la Chapelle ) which ended the War of Devolution. Although Aix la Chapelle is rarely used now, the treaties are rarely called the Treaties of… …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) — On the 24 April 1748 a congress assembled at Aachen (French: Aix la Chapelle) for the purpose of bringing to a conclusion the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession. Between 30 April and 21 May the preliminaries were agreed to between… …   Wikipedia

  • AIX-LA-CHAPELLE` —    (103), in Rhenish Prussia, one of the oldest cities in Germany, made capital of the German empire by Charlemagne; derives its name from its mineral springs; is a centre of manufacturing industries and an important trade; is celebrated for its… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle — There were three Treaties of Aix la Chapelle. Although Aix la Chapelle is the now rarely used French name of the German city of Aachen, the name Treaty of Aachen is rarely used. *Treaty of Aix la Chapelle (812), Byzantine recognition of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) — The second Treaty of Aix la Chapelle (Aachen) of 1748 ended the War of the Austrian Succession. A congress assembled at the Imperial Free City of Aachen, in the west of the Holy Roman Empire, on April 24, 1748. The resulting treaty was signed on… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668) — The Treaty of Aix la Chapelle or Treaty of Aachen was signed on May 2, 1668 in Aachen. It ended the war of Devolution between France and Spain. It was mediated by the Triple Alliance of England, the United Provinces and Sweden at the first… …   Wikipedia

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