Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount
- Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount
An Anglo-Irish politician and British Foreign Secretary, Castlereagh, a courtesy title he assumed in 1796 owing to his father’s Irish marquisate, was initially a Whig, but the events of the French Revolution drove him to the Tories. Elected to the Irish Parliament in 1790, to Westminster in 1794, and sitting for several years in both Parliaments, he was a supporter of William Pitt the Younger’s Irish Union, and like Pitt he insisted on the need for the redress of Catholic disabilities. This latter cause earned him the displeasure of George III, which complicated his political career. He was at the War Office during the early years of the Peninsular campaign, when it was not popular, and resigned as a result of a series of complicated machinations by Canning coincident with the failure of the 1809 Walcheren expedition. The dispute with Canning led to a duel that both men survived and that did not prevent Castlereagh becoming foreign secretary under Spencer Perceval in 1812.
After the assassination of Perceval, Castlereagh kept his office under the premiership of Lord Liverpool and became known for his deft and moderate diplomacy. In the complicated and many-sided negotiations surrounding the defeat of Napoleonic France, Castlereagh was a consistent opponent of a vindictive peace, and he opposed the counter-revolutionary Holy Alliance. In domestic politics, however, Castlereagh was an equally consistent opponent of parliamentary reform and a supporter of repression, especially in the aftermath of the 1819 “Peterloo massacre,” at St. Peter’s fields, Manchester. Castlereagh did not believe that the government could or should remedy the commercial depression and widespread suffering that came with the peace. His reputation as a reactionary inspired Shelley’s famous lines, “I met death on the way/he had a mask like Castlereagh.” Increasingly depressed and unstable, Castlereagh committed suicide in 1823.
See also <>; <>; <>; <>.
Hinde, Wendy. Castlereagh. London: Collins, 1981;
Kissinger, Henry. A World Restored. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957.
MARK F. PROUDMAN
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914.
Look at other dictionaries:
Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount — born June 18, 1769, Dublin, Ire. died Aug. 12, 1822, London, Eng. British politician. He was elected to the Irish Parliament in 1790 and later served in the British Parliament (1794–1805, 1806–22). As chief secretary for Ireland (1798–1801),… … Universalium
Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount — (1769–1822) British statesman … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh — Viscount Castlereagh Robert Stewart, 2. Marquess of Londonderry und Viscount Castlereagh, (* 18. Juni 1769; † 12. August 1822, Freitod), war ein britischer Staatsmann, der im irischen County Down geboren wurde. Castlereagh studierte an der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh — Infobox Person name = Viscount Castlereagh image size = 200px birth name = Robert Stewart birth date = 18 June 1769 birth place = Dublin, Ireland death date = 12 August 1822 (aged 53) death place = Loring Hall, Kent, England death cause = Suicide … Wikipedia
Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry — (September 27, 1739–April 6, 1821), an Irish politician and landowner, was the father of the famous politician Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh.Born in 1739, nephew to Robert Cowan, the wealthy Governor of Bombay, [… … Wikipedia
Robert Stewart — may refer to: * Members of the House of Stewart, rulers of Scotland ** Robert II of Scotland ** Robert III of Scotland ** Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany ** Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney ** Robert Stuart, Duke of Kintyre ** Robert Stewart … Wikipedia
Robert Stewart, 2. Marquess of Londonderry — Viscount Castlereagh, Porträt von Thomas Lawrence (um 1810) Robert Stewart, 2. Marquess of Londonderry und Viscount Castlereagh, (* 18. Juni 1769; † 12. August 1822, Freitod), war ein britischer Staatsmann, der im irischen County Down geboren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Stewart (vicomte Castlereagh) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert Stewart. Robert Stewart Portrait par Thomas Lawrence. Robert Stewart, 2e marquis de L … Wikipédia en Français
viscount — /vuy kownt /, n. 1. a nobleman next below an earl or count and next above a baron. 2. Hist. a deputy of a count or earl. 3. (in England) a sheriff. [1350 1400; ME viscounte < AF; OF visconte (F vicomte), equiv. to vis VICE3 + counte COUNT2, trans … Universalium
Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… … Universalium