Troppau, Congress of

Troppau, Congress of
   The third meeting of the Congress System, at the village of Troppau - Opava in the contemporary Czech Republic - involving Austrian, Prussian, and Russian dele gations with British and French observers. The meeting dealt with the outbreak of liberal revolutionary upheavals in Italy and Spain. Dominated by Prince von Metternich - with the enthusiastic cooperation of Tsar Alexander I, who had recently been shaken by upheaval and conspiracy in Russia - the meeting produced the Protocol of Troppau, according to which “States which have undergone a change of government due to revolution, the results of which threaten other States, ipso facto cease to be members of the European Alliance and remain excluded from it until their situation gives guarantees for legal order and stability.” It went on to pledge that “the Powers bind themselves, by peaceful means, or if need be by arms, to bring back the guilty State into the bosom of the Great Alliance.” Britain endorsed Austrian intervention in Italy but rejected the thrust of the protocol that intervention was justified to defeat any liberal revolt in Europe.
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    Kissinger, Henry. A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1957.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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