Singh, Ranjit

Singh, Ranjit
   The architect of the Khalsa Kingdom of Punjab. In 1792, at the age of 12, Ranjit succeeded to the leadership of Sukerchakia misl (principality), which controlled the territory between Lahore and Attock. By the first decade of the nineteenth century, he was able to establish control over the whole of Punjab. The Napoleonic Empire fascinated him, and he also kept well informed regarding the British anxiety about the advance of tsarist Russia into Central Asia. Whenever he got a chance, he discussed military affairs with foreign visitors.
   In 1805, Jaswant Rao Holkar arrived in Punjab, retreating before the British General Lord Gerard Lake. Ranjit mediated peace between the two parties. He visited Jaswant and heard with astonishment about the war exploits of the British, concluding that infantry disciplined and equipped in the Western style along with field artillery would enable him to survive against the onslaught of the British East India Company. From 1807, Ranjit trained Western-style infantry equipped with Brown Bess muskets from the deserters of the company’s troops and demobilized soldiers of the Maratha armies; he depended on ex-Napoleonic officers for training his army and establishing gun foundries. In total, more than 100 European officers were employed by Ranjit. Despite the opposition from his sirdars in particular and the Sikh community in general, who were votaries of light cavalry, Ranjit was successful in westernizing part of his army and took personal care of its westernized contingents, spending three to four hours every day watching the parade and frequently rewarded soldiers for good performance. After Ranjit’s death on June 29, 1839, the court lost control over the Khalsa. This encouraged the company to invade Punjab.
   See also <>; <>; <>; <>.
    James, Lawrence. Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997;
    Singh, Amandeep and Parmot Singh. Warrior Saints: Three Centuries of Sikh Military Tradition. New York: I. B. Tauris, 1988.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ranjit Singh — Ranjît Singh Ranjît Singh (1780 1839) est un chef sikh, unificateur et râja du Panjâb, incarnation de l esprit de la Khâlsâ. Il est enterré à Lâhore au Pakistan. Il est le fils de Mohan Singh, petit chef de guerre de la région de Gujranwala,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RANJIT SINGH — (1780 1839) Fondateur du royaume sikh du Pendjab qui fut le dernier à résister aux Britanniques en Inde. Né dans la communauté religieuse des Sikhs, Ranjit Singh sut en centraliser l’organisation. De la confédération de principautés féodales… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ranjit Singh — For other uses, see Maharaja Ranjit Singh (disambiguation). Ranjit Singh Maharaja of Punjab Ranjit Singh Reign 12 April 1801 – 27 June 1839 …   Wikipedia

  • Ranjit Singh — /run jit sing /, ( Lion of the Punjab ) 1780 1839, Indian maharaja: founder of the Sikh kingdom of Punjab. * * * born Nov. 13, 1780, Budrukhan or Gujranwala, India died June 27, 1839, Lahore Founder and maharaja (1801–39) of the Sikh kingdom of… …   Universalium

  • Ranjit Singh — Maharaja Ranjit Singh Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Panjabi: ਰਣਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ; * 13. November 1780 in Gujranwala; † 27. Juni 1839) “Löwe vom Punjab” war ein Angehöriger der Sikh und der erste Herrscher des geeinigten Punjab. Sein Grab …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ranjît Singh — Titre Mahârâja du Panjâb Prédécesseur Mohan Singh Successeur Kharag Singh …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ranjit Lal Jetley — Maj General Ranjit Lal Jetley, FIE, FIQA (born 10 March 1923) is a retired soldier and scientist in India. He served in World War II and the 1947 Indo Pakistani War, becoming an artillery regiment commander. He went on to work in armaments… …   Wikipedia

  • Ranjit Singh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ranjit Singh (1801–1839) fue un majarash y fundador de la confederación sij del Panyab. Nació el 13 de noviembre de 1780 en Gujranwala, y falleció el 27 de junio de 1839 en Lahore. A la muerte de su padre (en 1792)… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ranjit Hoskote — (born 29 March 1969) is a contemporary Indian poet, art critic, cultural theorist and independent curator. Biography Ranjit Hoskote was born in Mumbai and educated at the Bombay Scottish School, Elphinstone College, where he read for a BA in… …   Wikipedia

  • Ranjit Singh Dyal — is a former Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Lt Gen Ranjit Singh Dyal (retd), led the capture of the famous Haji Pir Pass in the 1965 war. He later became the GOC in C, Southern Command. He was decorated… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”