Santiago Bay, Battle of

Santiago Bay, Battle of
   A naval engagement of the Spanish-American War. Four days after the American declaration of war on Spain, Admiral Pascual Cervera sailed for Cuba on April 29, 1898, in command of the armored cruisers Almirante Oquendo, Cristóbal Colón, Infanta Marîa Theresa, and Vizcaya, and the destroyers Furor and Pluton. His squadron evaded American patrols and arrived in Santiago, Cuba, on May 19. Soon discovered by American warships, the Spanish warships remained in port through June, blockaded by American warships that regularly patrolled the port’s exit.
   Fearing that advancing U.S. troops overland would capture his warships and knowing that the blockading American warships hopelessly overmatched his force, Cervera led his squadron out on July 3. He hoped to evade the American warships and escape, but American Admiral William S. Sampson had carefully deployed his warships; and those on station that day, the battleships Indiana, Iowa, Oregon, and Texas, the armored cruiser Brooklyn, and two converted yachts, intercepted and engaged the Spanish warships, sinking them one by one in a running battle. The Spanish suffered 323 killed and 1,720 captured of the 2,227 men in the squadron, whereas only one American died in the one-sided battle. The victory ignited a fierce controversy between Commodore Winfield Scott Schley, whom Sampson left in command of the blockade before departing with the warships that needed to refuel. Both men claimed credit for the victory and the ensuing Sampson-Schley controversy festered for a decade despite a court of inquiry meant to settle it as they and their supporters continued to press their cases.
   See also <>; <>; <>; <>.
    O’Toole, G.J.A. The Spanish War, and American Epic - 1898. New York: W. W. Norton, 1986;
    Trask, David. The War with Spain. New York: Free Press, 1981.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Santiago de Cuba — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Santiago de Cuba caption=Wreck of the Vizcaya partof=Spanish American War date=July 3, 1898 place=near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba result=Decisive American victory combatant1=flagicon|USA|1896 United States …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of San Juan Hill — Part of the Spanish–American War Detail from Charge of the 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Bay of Pigs Invasion — Part of the Cold War Map showing the location of the Bay of Pigs …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Old Baldy — Part of the Korean War Map of the Old Baldy area …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Lake Maracaibo — Part of Venezuelan War of Independence Painting by José María Espinosa P …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Palermo — Part of the Franco Dutch War …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Corregidor — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Corregidor caption=Victorious Japanese troops atop Hearn Battery May 6 1942. partof=World War II, Pacific Front date=May 5, 1942 ndash; May 6, 1942 place=Corregidor island in Manila Bay, Luzon Island,… …   Wikipedia

  • Santiago de Cuba — /deuh kyooh beuh/; Sp. /dhe kooh vah/ a seaport in SE Cuba: naval battle 1898. 277,600. * * * Seaport city (pop., 1994 est.: 440,000), eastern Cuba. The second largest city in Cuba, it was founded in 1514 and moved to its present site in 1522. It …   Universalium

  • Santiago de Cuba — Infobox Settlement official name = Santiago De Cuba other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Municipality motto = imagesize = image caption = Cathedral in Santiago de Cuba flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size =… …   Wikipedia

  • Santiago de Cuba Province — Geobox Region name = Santiago de Cuba Province native name = other name = other name1 = category = image size = image caption = Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca and Bay of Santiago de Cuba flag size = symbol = symbol size = country = CUB state =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”