Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of Rosebery
- Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of Rosebery
In 1894–1895, Rosebery was briefly prime minister of Great Britain, during which time Britain declared a protectorate over Uganda. Rosebery served with distinction as foreign secretary during William Gladstone ’ s brief administration of 1886, negotiating a peaceful resolution to a crisis in Bulgaria. On the fall of Gladstone’s government over the issue of Irish Home Rule, Rosebery was one of few Liberal peers to remain with the Gladstonians. Rosebery became foreign secretary once again in Gladstone’s fourth government of 1892–1894, and succeeded the latter on his resignation.
Gladstone’s resignation was provoked by his opposition to increased naval spending, and Rosebery’s brief government remained divided on questions related to military spending and imperial expansion, with many of the Liberal Party ’s core supporters opposed to both.
Rosebery was a Liberal Imperialist, and as such something of a mentor to younger Liberal Imperialists such as H. H. Asquith and Edward Grey. Although a cautious diplomat, Rosebery is remembered for defending imperial expansion, particularly in Africa, as “pegging out claims for posterity,” a remark that reflected the widely held contemporary view that colonies were a necessary source of long-term wealth and power. His government fell on a vote pertaining to army preparedness, and in the subsequent election, the Tories and Unionists led by Lord Salisbury were able to accuse the Liberals of being insufficiently supportive of Britain’s imperial position. Rosebery did not again hold office, and for the rest of his life was a somewhat quixotic figure pining for an unlikely kind of nonparty government.
See also <>.
James, Robert Rhodes. Lord Rosebery. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1964.
MARK F. PROUDMAN
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914.
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Archibald Philip Primrose — Archibald Primrose, 5. Earl of Rosebery, Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreichs, 1894 1895 Archibald Philip Primrose, 5. Earl of Rosebery (* 7. Mai 1847 in London; † 21. Mai 1929 in Epsom, Surrey) war ein britischer Staatsmann … Deutsch Wikipedia
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5. Earl of Rosebery — Archibald Primrose, 5. Earl of Rosebery, Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreichs, 1894 1895 Archibald Philip Primrose, 5. Earl of Rosebery (* 7. Mai 1847 in London; † 21. Mai 1929 in Epsom, Surrey) war ein britischer Staatsmann … Deutsch Wikipedia
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ROSEBERY, ARCHIBALD PHILIP PRIMROSE, EARL OF — born in London; educated at Eton and Christ s Church, Oxford; succeeded to the earldom in 1868; was twice over Secretary for Foreign Affairs under Mr. Gladstone, in 1885 and 1892; was first Chairman of London County Council; became Prime… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of — (1847 ) Born in London. Educated at Eton and Oxford. In 1881 1883 under secretary for the home office; in 1885 lord privy seal; and later chief commissioner of works; secretary for foreign affairs in Gladstone s administration, 1886 and 1892… … The makers of Canada
Rosebery (Archibald Philip Primrose) — 5th Earl of, K.G., K.T., LL.D., etc. (b. 1847) Statesman and biographical writer. Pitt (1891), Appreciations and Addresses (1899), Sir Robert Peel (1899), Napoleon, the Last Phase (1900), and Oliver Cromwell (1900) … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery — could refer to the following British Peers:*Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1894 1895. *Archibald Primrose, 1st Earl of Rosebery (1664 1723), Scottish politician. *Archibald Primrose, 4th … Wikipedia
Philip Primrose — Philip Carteret Hill Primrose (* 23. Oktober 1864 in Halifax, Nova Scotia; † 17. März 1937 in Edmonton, Alberta) war ein kanadischer Politiker und Polizist. Von 1936 bis zu seinem Tod war er Vizegouverneur der Provinz Alberta … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rosebery — I. /ˈroʊzbəri/ (say rohzbuhree), / bri/ (say bree) noun Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of, 1847–1929, British politician and author; prime minister 1894–95. II. /ˈroʊzbəri/ (say rohzbuhree) noun a town in north western Tasmania, noted for mining … Australian-English dictionary
Rosebery, Lord — (1847–1929) Not berry. British prime minister (1894–1895). His full name was Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors