The German word for political realism, generally referring to the advancement of the national interest unrestrained by ethical or ideological concerns, more specifically a foreign policy based on pragmatic concrete goals rather than theory or ideals, the latter being Idealpolitik. Otto von Bismarck is often credited with having coined the term, following Count Metternich’ s tradition in balance-of-power diplomacy, but it was first used by the historian August Ludwig von Rochau who, in 1853, published The Principles of Realpolitik, Applied to the Political Conditions of Germany.
   The ancient Greek historian Thucydides, who wrote the History of the Peloponnesian War, is often cited as an intellectual forbearer of Realpolitik. One of the most articulate proponents of the doctrine was Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527), best known for The Prince, and Rochau’s work was in substance a neo-Machiavellian doctrine of the natural law of power. The tradition of Realpolitik was further refined and transmitted by Richelieu’s raison d’état. Bismarck’s foreign policy adhered to Realpolitik in its clear-headed consciousness of Prussia ’s, then Germany’s, “conditions” with as much attention given to its limitations and inherent vulnerabilities as to its considerable capabilities. Under Wilhelm II, Realpolitik was abandoned in favor of a Weltpolitik disdainful of Bismarck’s caution. It paved the way for an intense European arms race, increasing tensions between alliances, and World War I.
   See also <>; <>.
    Jensen, Kenneth M., and Elizabeth P. Faulkner. Morality and Foreign Policy: Realpolitik Revisited. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1992;
    Schild, Georg. Between Ideology and Realpolitik: Woodrow Wilson and the Russian Revolution, 1917–1921. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995;
    Wayman, Frank W. Reconstructing Realpolitik. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Realpolitik — (German: de. real “realistic”, “practical” or “actual”; and de. Politik “politics”) refers to politics or diplomacy based primarily on practical considerations, rather than ideological notions. The term realpolitik is often used pejoratively to… …   Wikipedia

  • Realpolitik — orientiert sich eng an den als real anerkannten Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten. Sie ist auf das rasche Treffen von Entscheidungen gerichtet und zielt auf eine breite Akzeptanz in der öffentlichen Meinung. Abzugrenzen ist sie von eher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Realpolitik — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Realismo. Realpolitik («política de la realidad» en alemán) es la política exterior basada en intereses prácticos más que en la teoría o la ética. La realpolitik aboga por el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • realpolitik — [ realpɔlitik ] n. f. • 1963; mot all., de real « réaliste » et Politik « politique » ♦ Politique internationale basée sur des considérations de rapports de force et de possibilités concrètes (sans influence idéologique). Les exigences de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Realpolitik — ( política de la realidad en alemán) es la política exterior basada en intereses prácticos más que en la teoría o la ética. Otto von Bismarck acuñó el término al cumplir la petición del prínciple Klemens von Metternich de encontrar un método para …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • realpolitik — Bendroji  informacija Rūšis: naujai skolinta citata Rašybos variantai:realpolitic; real politik. Kilmė: vokiečių, realpolitik. Pateikta: 2011 11 26. Atnaujinta: 2014 01 19. Reikšmė ir vartosena Apibrėžtis: pragmatiška politinė orientacija, kai… …   Lietuvių kalbos naujažodžių duomenynas

  • realpolitik — s. f. [Política] Política internacional ou de relações diplomáticas baseada essencialmente em questões práticas e pragmáticas, em detrimento de questões ideológicas ou éticas.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra alemã Realpolitik …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Realpolitik — Realpolitik, s. Politik …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Realpolitik — /realpoli tik/ s.f., ted. [comp. di real concreto, realistico e Politik politica ]. (polit.) [atteggiamento e prassi che si fondano sulla valutazione delle situazioni reali e degli interessi concreti dell azione politica, anche in modo cinico e… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • realpolitik — (n.) 1914, from Ger. realpolitk, lit. practical politics …   Etymology dictionary

  • realpolitik — [rā äl′pô΄lə tēk′] n. [Ger] [also R ] foreign policy determined by expediency rather than ethics or world opinion; power politics …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”