One of the Barbary States of Northwest Africa, effectively independent since the Middle Ages but poor and territorially ill defined. Morocco supported the jihad of Adb el-Qadr against French dominion in Algeria, for which it suffered brutal retaliation in 1845. Morocco’s next clash with a European power came in 1859 in the form of invasion by Spain. Spain was not only geographically proximate to Morocco but also had been intermittently involved there going back to the fifteenth century. The invasion of 1859, however, was in response to Moroccan raids against outposts in northern Africa. A Spanish force captured the town of Tetuán in February 1860, and Morocco was forced to pay an indemnity and to cede more territory to Spain around the towns of Ceuta and Melilla.
   A second war followed in 1892. From 1863 onward, Morocco was of increasing interest to France. In 1904, an Anglo-French agreement gave France a free hand in Morocco in exchange for French acceptance of British supremacy in Egypt. Later the same year a secret agreement between France and Spain divided the country into spheres of influence. Thereafter, Morocco became the object of the Moroccan Crisis of 1905 and the Agadir Crisis of 1911, which brought Britain and France closer together and prefigured World War I.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
    Porch, Douglas. The Conquest of Morocco. New York: Knopf, 1982;
    Terrasse, Henri. History of Morocco. Translated by Hilary Tee. Casablanca: Éditions Atlantides, 1952.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MOROCCO — MOROCCO, westernmost country in North Africa. The first arrival of Jews in Morocco goes back to antiquity. There are numerous legends which claim that they settled in the country before the destruction of the First Temple. From the fifth to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Morocco — • The country known as Morocco (from Marrakesh, the name of one of its chief cities) forms the northwest corner of the Continent of Africa Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Morocco     Morocco …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Morocco —    Morocco has been a predominantly Muslim country for over a millennium. In 1912, it became a French protectorate, but it regained independence in 1956.    The North Africa Mission (now Arab World Ministries) introduced Protestantism to Morocco… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • morocco — (n.) kind of fine flexible leather, 1630s, short for Morocco leather, from MOROCCO (Cf. Morocco), the country in northwest Africa, where the tanned leather first was made …   Etymology dictionary

  • Morocco — Morocco, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 1127 Housing Units (2000): 508 Land area (2000): 0.578851 sq. miles (1.499216 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.578851 sq. miles (1.499216 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Morocco, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 1127 Housing Units (2000): 508 Land area (2000): 0.578851 sq. miles (1.499216 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.578851 sq. miles (1.499216 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Morocco — [mə rä′kō] kingdom on the NW coast of Africa, bordering on the Atlantic & the Mediterranean; a Muslim kingdom since the 11th cent., from 1912 to 1956 it was divided into a French protectorate (Morocco), a Spanish protectorate (Morocco), & the… …   English World dictionary

  • morocco — [mə rä′kō] n. 1. a fine, soft leather made, originally in Morocco, from goatskins tanned with sumac 2. any similar leather, as one made from sharkskin: Also morocco leather …   English World dictionary

  • Morocco — Mo*roc co, n. [Named from Morocco, the country. Cf. {Morris} the dance.] A fine kind of leather, prepared commonly from goatskin (though an inferior kind is made of sheepskin), and tanned with sumac and dyed of various colors; said to have been… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Morocco — (engl.), so v.w. Corduan …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Morocco — country in northwest Africa, from Italian, from Berber Marrakesh (properly the name of the city of Marrakesh), from Arabic Maghrib al Aqca Extreme West. Cf. Fr. Maroc, Ger. Marokko. In English, the first vowel has been altered, apparently by… …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”