Macaulay, Thomas Babington, First Baron
- Macaulay, Thomas Babington, First Baron
An English historian, political commentator, cabinet minister, and imperial administrator, Thomas Babington Macaulay was raised by evangelical Christians, but became a secular Whig, although, as a man of his time, he was never a democrat. A brilliant speaker, writer, and controversialist, he made his reputation early writing on literature - his primary interest - and politics for the leading Whig intellectual journal, the Edinburgh Review. Macaulay first entered Parliament in 1830, and established himself as a powerful speaker on the side of reform.
In 1834, Macaulay went to India as a senior legal official. While there, Macaulay wrote his famous Minute on Indian Education, which proclaimed with the selfconfidence of the age that half a shelf of European learning was worth more than all the fabled wisdom of the East and argued that Indian students should be trained in English rather than Arabic or Sanskrit. Although it had little immediate effect on Indian life, the creation of an Anglophone intelligentsia in India eventually had momentous consequences.
Returning to England in 1839, Macaulay served briefly as secretary of war in the last years of Melbourne’s government and began work on his famous History of England. The first two volumes were published in 1848 and were widely understood -Macaulay made the case elsewhere in so many words - to argue that the Whig revolution of 1688 and reform bill of 1832 had enabled England to avoid the revolutions that swept Europe in 1848. Further volumes of his history came out in the 1850s, commanding record-breaking royalties; but his health failed, and he died in 1859, still a relatively young man, having brought his story no further than the death of William III. Macaulay’s works have been criticized on many grounds, but they remain vivid reading even today. From an imperial point of view, Macaulay expressed the confidence of a nation at the height of its power and convinced of the unique value of its heritage.
Clive, John. Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian. New York: Knopf, 1973;
Lord Macaulay. The Works of Lord Macaulay: Complete. Edited by Lady H. Trevelyan. London: Longmans, Green, 1875;
Trevelyan, G. O. The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay. London: Longmans, Green, 1876.
MARK F. PROUDMAN
Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914.
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Macaulay,Thomas Babington — Macaulay, Thomas Babington. First Baron Macaulay. 1800 1859. British historian, writer, and politician whose works include the popular History of England (1849 1861), numerous essays for the Edinburgh Review, and a volume of narrative poems, Lays … Universalium
Macaulay, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron — ▪ English politician and author Introduction in full Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay of Rothley born October 25, 1800, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, England died December 28, 1859, Campden Hill, London English Whig (Whig and Tory)… … Universalium
Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron Macaulay of Rothley — born Oct. 25, 1800, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, Eng. died Dec. 28, 1859, Campden Hill, London English politician, historian, and poet. While a fellow at Cambridge University, Macaulay published the first of his essays, on John Milton (1825),… … Universalium
Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron Macaulay — (1800 1859) Born at Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, son of the philanthropist Zachary Macaulay, he was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he won the English prize for a poem in 1819 ( Pompeii ) and in 1821 ( Evening ). Called to the … British and Irish poets
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay — Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, PC (25 October 1800 ndash; 28 December 1859) was a nineteenth century British poet, historian and Whig politician and one of the two Members of Parliament for Edinburgh. He wrote extensively as an… … Wikipedia
First Baron Macaulay — noun English historian noted for his history of England (1800 1859) • Syn: ↑Macaulay, ↑Thomas Babington Macaulay, ↑Lord Macaulay • Instance Hypernyms: ↑historian, ↑historiographer … Useful english dictionary
Thomas Babington Macaulay — noun English historian noted for his history of England (1800 1859) • Syn: ↑Macaulay, ↑First Baron Macaulay, ↑Lord Macaulay • Instance Hypernyms: ↑historian, ↑historiographer … Useful english dictionary
baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of … Universalium
Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… … Universalium
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