Clamorous and pugnacious patriotism commonly used to describe popular bellicosity leading up to or during foreign wars. “Jingo” is a corruption of the name of Jing¯u K ōg ō, a legendary Japanese goddess credited with subduing the kingdoms of Korea. Its popular use in Britain dates to 1877–1878 when public opinion mobilized in support of Benjamin Disraeli ’s dispatch of naval forces and Indian colonial troops to oppose Russia’s invasion of the Balkans and possible seizure of the Dardanelles.
   Music hall audiences sang that “We don’t want to fight, but, by Jingo if we do, we’ve got the men, we’ve got the ships, we’ve got the money too.” One of the more noteworthy episodes of jingoism came during the Boer War on May 18, 1900, when news reached Britain of the relief of a British garrison at Mafeking after a seven-month siege. Mobs celebrated the victory by taking to the streets and in some instances attacking the houses of anti-imperialists or reputed “pro-Boers.” The event, in turn, coined a new term: mafficking .
   See also <>; <>; <>.
    Hobson, J. A. The Psychology of Jingoism. London: G. Richards, 1901.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • jingoism — (n.) 1878, from JINGO (Cf. jingo) + ISM (Cf. ism). Related: Jingoist; jingoistic …   Etymology dictionary

  • jingoism — ► NOUN chiefly derogatory ▪ extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive foreign policy. DERIVATIVES jingoist noun jingoistic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • jingoism — jin|go|is|m [ˈdʒıŋgəuızəm US gou ] n [U] [Date: 1800 1900; Origin: jingo (17 21 centuries) (probably from Jesus), used in the phrase by jingo as an exclamation in a 19th century British song encouraging people to fight for their country] a strong …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • jingoism — [[t]ʤɪ̱ŋgoʊɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT (disapproval) Jingoism is a strong and unreasonable belief in the superiority of your own country …   English dictionary

  • jingoism — noun (U) a strong belief that your own country is better than others: a mood of warlike jingoism jingoistic adjective …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • jingoism — noun a newspaper known for its jingoism Syn: extreme patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism, xenophobia, flag waving; hawkishness, militarism, belligerence, bellicosity See note at chauvinism …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • jingoism — noun Date: 1878 extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy • jingoist noun or adjective • jingoistic adjective • jingoistically adverb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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