Frankfurt Parliament

Frankfurt Parliament
   A Vorparlament, or provisional parliament, established as the German National Assembly during the revolutionary upheavals of 1848, the Frankfurt Parliament convened in the rotunda of Paulskirche in Frankfurt am Main and authorized the organization of elections by direct male suffrage throughout Germany and Austria. The parliament was a hastily improvised response of liberal reformers to the decision by Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV to consent to a combined Prussian diet to discuss German unification.
   The parliament was chiefly concerned with preparation of a constitution for all the German lands. The parliament was briefly the heartbeat of German national aspirations, but it came to grief because of a lack of unanimity specifically over the construction of a national government. It offended Austria-Hungary with a resolution to exclude from the German Empire all non-German lands. The parliament then offered the title of hereditary emperor to Friedrich Wilhelm, who was both loath to accept a throne offered by social inferiors and fearful of provoking Austria or Russia. Having stood partly on the principle of divine right, he weakly put it aside and asked for the consent of the various German states. When Bavaria, Hanover, Saxony, and Württemberg objected and Austria disapproved, he refused the crown. Its plan defeated, the assembly melted away, and the day of German unity was postponed until 1870. Meaningful liberal reform was postponed much longer.
   See also <>; <>; <>.
    Eyck, Frank. Frankfurt Parliament, 1848-1849. New York: St. Martin’s, 1968.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frankfurt Parliament — The Frankfurt Parliament (German: Frankfurter Nationalversammlung , literally Frankfurt National Assembly ) was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany.Fact|date=January 2008 It was in session from 18 May 1848 until 31 May 1849 in… …   Wikipedia

  • Frankfurt Constitution — German Empire Deutsches Reich ← …   Wikipedia

  • Frankfurt (disambiguation) — The name Frankfurt is associated with:Places in Germany Frankfurt am MainThe city of Frankfurt or Frankfurt am Main, called Frankfurt on the Main in English. It is located on the Main River close to the Rhine and the following institutions that… …   Wikipedia

  • Frankfurt National Assembly — officially German National Assembly (1848–49) German national parliament that tried and failed to create a united German state during the liberal Revolutions of 1848. Meeting in Frankfurt am Main, it proposed a constitution that provided for… …   Universalium

  • Paulskirche, Frankfurt — The Paulskirche is a church in Frankfurt am Main with important political symbolism in Germany. It was opened as a Protestant church in 1789, coincidentally the same year as the French Revolution, and in 1848 1849 it became the seat of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Free City of Frankfurt — Infobox Former Country native name = Freie Stadt Frankfurt ¹ conventional long name = Free City of Frankfurt¹ common name = Frankfurt continent = Europe region = Central Europe country = Germany status = City State empire = Holy Roman Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Kremsier Parliament — Historical BackgroundThe Kremsier Parliament (Assembly at Kroměříž) was the Constituent Assembly formerly convening in Vienna but later residing in Kremsier, Moravia, to avoid martial law in Vienna. Following the popular trend in Europe during… …   Wikipedia

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Revolutions of 1848 in the German states — Germany at the time of the Revolutions of 1848 had been a collection of 39 states loosely bound together in the German Confederation. As nationalist sentiment crystallized into resistance to the traditional political structure, repeated calls for …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”