Eylau, Battle of

Eylau, Battle of
   A bloody yet indecisive battle of the Napoleonic Wars between Russian Field Marshal Levin Bennigsen’s 67,000 men and Napoleon Bonaparte ’s 45,000. On February 7, in bitter cold, the French took possession of the town of Eylau, southeast of Königsberg in East Prussia. The next day, Bennigsen attacked in the midst of a sudden blizzard. Napoleon’s flanks were under heavy pressure and Marshal Pierre Augereau’s moves against the Russian center were ineffective, as in the confusion of the blizzard they swerved off course into the fire of the Russian guns. The Russians even threatened Napoleon’s headquarters, but the Imperial Guard prevented disaster. Seeking the initiative, Marshal Joachim Murat led more than 10,000 cavalry in a dramatic attack, overrunning the Russian guns and center before returning to safety. With reinforcements arriving on both sides, the battle continued under awful conditions until 11 P.M. that evening, after which Bennigsen withdrew. Tired and numbed by the weather and slaughter, both sides withdrew to their winter quarters to await a spring campaign. The battle is commemorated by the painting Napoleon at Eylau by Antoine-Jean Gros in the Musée du Louvre.
   See also <>.
    Goltz, Colmar, Freiherr von der. Jena to Eylau: The Disgrace and Redemption of the Old Russian Army. Translated by C. F. Atkinson. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1913;
    Summerville, C. J. Napoleons Polish Gamble: Eylau and Friedland, 1807. Barnsley, England: Pen & Sword Military, 2005.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eylau, Battle of — ▪ European history  (Feb. 7–8, 1807), one of the engagements in the Napoleonic War of the Third Coalition. The first major deadlock suffered by Napoleon, the battle was fought around the East Prussian (Prussia) town of Eylau (modern Bagrationovsk …   Universalium

  • Eylau — Bataille d Eylau Bataille d Eylau Carte de la bataille d Eylau Informations générales Date 8 février 1807 Lieu Bagrationovsk …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Battle of Eylau — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Eylau partof=the War of the Fourth Coalition caption= Napoléon on the field of Eylau by Antoine Jean Gros date=February 7 ndash;8, 1807 place=Preußisch Eylau, [The town is now in the Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Friedland — Warbox conflict=Battle of Friedland partof=the War of the Fourth Coalition caption= A Charge of the Russian Leib Guard on 14 June 1807 , by Viktor Mazurovsky. campaign= date=June 14, 1807 place=Friedland, Prussia result= Decisive French victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Pułtusk — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Pułtusk caption= partof=the War of the Fourth Coalition date=December 26 1806 place=Pułtusk, New East Prussia result=Inconclusive; Russian retreat. combatant1=flagicon|France First French Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Golymin — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Golymin caption= partof=the War of the Fourth Coalition date=December 26 1806 place=Golymin, Poland result= Successful Russian withdrawal combatant1=flagicon|France First French Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Eylau order of battle — The following units and commanders fought in the Battle of Eylau of the Napoleonic Wars. French ArmyEmperor Napoleon I of FranceIII CorpsMarshal DavoutVII CorpsMarshal AugereauRussian ArmyGeneral of Cavalry Count BennigsenPrussian CorpsGeneral l… …   Wikipedia

  • Eylau — The term Eylau can refer to: *Battle of Eylau during the Napoleonic Wars in 1807 *Bagrationovsk ( Preußisch Eylau ) in Russia *Iława ( Deutsch Eylau ) in Poland …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Tannenberg (1914) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Battle of Tannenberg partof = the Eastern Front of World War I caption = date = 23 August 1914 ndash; 2 September 1914 place = near Allenstein, East Prussia result = Decisive German victory combatant1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Jena-Auerstedt — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Jena Auerstedt partof=the War of the Fourth Coalition caption=Napoleon reviewing the Guard. date=14 October, 1806 place=Jena and Auerstedt, Germany result=Decisive French victory… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”