Åland Islands

Åland Islands
   A stepping-stone cluster of islands stretching between the coasts of Sweden and Finland and marking the boundary between the Baltic Sea to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the north. The islands were given to Russia, along with Finland, by the Treaty of Frederikshavn concluding the Russo-Swedish War in 1809, a tertiary conflict of the Napoleonic Wars. When the Treaty of Tilsit made allies of France and Russia, the allies demanded that Sweden abandon membership in the Fourth Coalition and join them in making war against Britain. Sweden’s refusal precipitated the war with Russia in which the islands and Finland, Swedish since the twelfth century, were lost. The islands were then made officially neutral and demilitarized as part the diplomatic settlement of the Crimean War for the purpose of protecting Sweden from Russian aggression.
   See also <>.
    Andersson, Ingvar. A History of Sweden. London: Weidenfield and Nicolson, 1956.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Åland Islands — Åland redirects here. For other uses, see Åland (disambiguation). Åland Islands Landskapet Åland (Ahvenanmaan maakunta) …   Wikipedia

  • Åland Islands Peace Institute — The Åland Islands Peace Institute in Mariehamn, Finland, conducts projects and research into peace and conflict issues in a broadly defined sense from the vantage point of Åland and the special status that Åland enjoys under international law. It …   Wikipedia

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  • Åland Islands — /ah leuhnd, aw leuhnd/; Swed. /oh lahnd / a group of Finnish islands in the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Finland. 22,608; 572 sq. mi. (1480 sq. km). Finnish, Ahvenanmaa. * * * Archipelago, southwestern Finland, constituting Ahvenanmaan… …   Universalium

  • Aland islands — noun an archipelago of some 6,000 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia under Finnish control • Syn: ↑Aaland islands, ↑Ahvenanmaa • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑Gulf of Bothnia, ↑Finland, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Åland Islands — /alənd ˈaɪləndz/ (say ahluhnd uyluhndz), /ˈɔ / (say aw ) plural noun a group of Finnish islands in the Baltic between Sweden and Finland. 1481 km2. Finnish, Ahvenanmaa …   Australian-English dictionary

  • History of the Åland Islands — Prehistory Orrdalsklint and Långbergen in Saltvik, Åland s highest peaks, started rising from the Baltic sea (then Yoldia sea) c. 10000 years ago. The oldest archeological finds to denote the presence of humans on the isles represent the Comb… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport on the Åland Islands — Åland is an archipeligo of over 6,000 islands in the Baltic Sea. Constitutionally, it is a Swedish speaking autonomous province of Finland. Sea travel is a vital part of Åland s economy and a major local employer. The main ports are located at… …   Wikipedia

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  • Åland — Autonome Provinz Finnlands Flagge Wappen (Details) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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