Belle Époque

Belle Époque
   The term belle époque refers to the period between 1880 and the start of World War I in 1914 in Europe, and above all in France. The period defined a cultural revolution characterized by a sense of optimism and creative enthusiasm. Paris flourished as a center of art, literature, and fashion. The artistic scene flourished, and the pleasures of life were pursued with conspicuous vigor . The era also witnessed the spectacular popularity of café-concerts and music halls, as well as expositions. The restaurants and cabarets of the Montmartre neighborhood in Paris attracted intellectuals and avant-garde artists converged; the music halls and café-concerts exhibited a new form of theatre free of conventional artistic constraints, not subject to strict social control, and thus accessible to many different social classes. Bourgeois norms were shed. The arts had been “democratized” and were no longer the privilege of the wealthy. Mass production and new technologies were also on the rise, catering to a larger consuming public of various social strata. Featured in the contemporary novels of Émile Zola, such as Le Bonheur des Dames, departmental stores were filled with a huge variety items on display for sale and managed to attract throngs of people through innovative displays of products. The use of new technology was nowhere more prominent than in the development of the underground metropolitan network. The Paris Metro revolutionized urban travel, symbolized progress, and contributed to social optimism. Expositions, too, added to the aura of luxury and abundance. In 1900, the Great Universal Exposition attracted 51 million visitors to Paris to products using new technologies and to marvel at structures such as the Eiffel Tower and the Gare D’Orsay. There were also exhibits from overseas colonies considered exotic by the people of the metropole, including a human zoo.
    Rearick, Charles. Pleasures of the Belle Epoque. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985;
    Sternau, Susan A. Art Nouveau: Spirit of the Belle Epoque. New York: Smithmark, 2005;
    Tuchman, Barbara. The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914. New York: Ballantine, 1996.

Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914. 2014.

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  • Belle Époque — Belle Époque …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Belle Epoque — Belle Epoque …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Belle Epoque — Belle Époque Pour les articles homonymes, voir Belle Époque (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Belle époque — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Belle Époque (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Belle Époque — [bɛleˈpɔk] (frz. für „schöne Epoche“) ist die Bezeichnung für eine Zeitspanne von etwa 30 Jahren um die Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhundert, hauptsächlich in Europa. Die genaue Datierung ist nicht verbindlich geregelt. Meist wird die Zeit von 1884… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Belle Époque — 〈[bɛl epɔ̣k] f.; ; unz.〉 Epoche eines geistigen u. wirtschaftlichen Aufschwungs in Frankreich zu Beginn des 20. Jh. [frz., eigtl. „schöne Epoche“] * * * Belle Époque [bɛle pɔk ], die; [aus frz. belle = schön, heiter u. époque = Epoche]: Zeit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Belle Epoque — (Познань,Польша) Категория отеля: Адрес: ul.Prusa 6, Ежице, 60 820 Познань, Польша …   Каталог отелей

  • Belle Epoque — may refer to:*Belle Époque, a period in European history that began during the late 19th century and lasted until World War I * Belle Époque (film) , a 1992 Spanish film directed by Fernando Trueba *Belle Epoque (band), a European disco music… …   Wikipedia

  • Belle Epoque — (Шинон,Франция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 14 Avenue Gambetta, 37500 Шино …   Каталог отелей

  • Belle Epoque — (Graglia,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Casale Campiglie 2, 13895 Graglia, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • belle époque — belle epoque [be lā pôk′] n. 〚Fr〛 [also B E ] the era of elegance and gaiety that characterized fashionable Parisian life in the period preceding WWI * * * belle é·poque (ā pŭkʹ) n. An era of artistic and cultural refinement in a society,… …   Universalium

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